You probably know who Marie Curie was,but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson.Of the outstanding ladies listed below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?
Jane Addams (1860—1935)
Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank.Addams helped the poor and worked for peace.She encouraged a sense of community (社區)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need.In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Rachel Carson (1907—1964)
If it weren’t for Rachel Carson,the environmental movement might not exist today.Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.
Sandra Day O’Connor (1930—present)
When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School,in 1952,she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman.She became an Arizona state senator (參議員) and,in 1981,the first woman to join the U.S.Supreme Court.O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.
Rosa Parks (1913—2005)
On December 1,1955,in Montgomery,Alabama,Rosa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger.Her simple act landed Parks in prison.But it also set off the Montgomery bus boycott.It lasted for more than a year,and kicked off the civil-rights movement.“The only tired I was,was tired of giving in,”said Parks.
1.What is Jane Addams noted for in history?
A.Her social work.
B.Her teaching skills.
C.Her efforts to win a prize.
D.Her community background.
解析 細節理解題。根據第二段第一句內容可知,Jane Addams在歷出名是因為她在社會工作方面做出了偉大的貢獻。
2.What was the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?
A.Her lack of proper training in law.
B.Her little work experience in court.
C.The discrimination against women.
D.The poor financial conditions.
解析 細節理解題。根據倒數第二段第一句中的“...because she was a woman.”可知,O’Connor不能在律師事務所找到工作是因為當時的社會對女性存在性別歧視。
3.Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the U.S.?
C.Sandra Day O’Connor.
解析 細節理解題。根據最后一段倒數第二句中的“...and kicked off the civil-rights movement.”可知,對美國的民權運動做出偉大貢獻的是Rosa Parks。
4.What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?
A.They are highly educated.
B.They are truly creative.
C.They are pioneers.
D.They are peace-lovers.